Many institutions are involved directly or indirectly in the fight against Illicit Trade. Whether it is to measure it, to enforce it or to raise awareness about it, they play an important role in the fight against Illicit Trade.



TRAFFIC was established in 1976 in what remains a unique role as a global specialist, leading and supporting efforts to identify conservation challenges and support solutions linked to trade in wild animals and plants. TRAFFIC is governed by the TRAFFIC Committee, a steering group composed of members of TRAFFIC's partner organizations, WWF and IUCN. A central aim of TRAFFIC's activities is to contribute to the wildlife trade-related priorities of these partners. Currently it employs approximately 120 staff members of more than 25 nationalities, organized in six regional teams and a headquarters office in the UK, which operates as a registered charity.



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USAID - ROUTES (Reducing Opportunities for Unlawful Transport of Endangered Species)

The USAID ROUTES (Reducing Opportunities for Unlawful Transport of Endangered Species) Partnership was established in October 2015 with a five-year mandate of collaboration and implementation of activities to assist the transport sector in efforts to reduce wildlife trafficking via land, sea and air.



TRAFFIC provides information and assistance to help the decision-making processes at CITES, supporting efforts to ensure that international wildlife trade is at sustainable levels and does not pose a threat to the conservation of species. In 1999, the two organizations signed a memorandum of understanding, with the purpose to undertake joint activities for capacity building.


Timber Trade

TRAFFIC has a variety of projects investigating and monitoring the timber trade in Africa, Asia, North and South America and Europe. TRAFFIC strives to ensure that all timber trade is carried out in a legal and sustainable manner. However, timber that is illegally sourced or traded is major international concern. According to UNEP, Illegal logging and forest crime has an estimated value of US$30 to US$100 billion annually, or 10 to 30 per cent of the total global timber trade—and in certain countries, 50-90% of the wood is harvested or traded illegally. This illegal logging results in a loss of $10 billion to the global economy, and a loss of $5billion in government revenue.


TRAFFIC and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)

The promotion of international co-operation, providing advice and recommendations, along with action at the national level are among TRAFFIC’s top priorities to address wildlife trade issues; these priorities cut across all parts of our conservation programme and align closely with the aims of international Conventions, such as the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).


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