Illicit Trade affects cost governments billions of dollars in forgone revenues and is one of the main enablers of corruption. Find out what governments are doing to protect themselves against Illicit Trade on a legislative or technological level and what results they are achieving with the measures implemented.

  • Japan
  • Japan

Industries: Others



Pharmaceutical Affairs Law - PAL

Japan passed a law on Pharmaceutical Affairs (PAL) to include a classification of the products according to their degree of risk, review of production surveillance standards, improvement of post-commercialisation product monitoring. To reduce the trade of counterfeit medicine in the country.


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